What is Autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. About a third to a half of individuals with autism do not develop enough natural speech to meet their daily communication needs.
Children with high-functioning autism suffer from more intense and frequent loneliness compared to non-autistic peers, despite the common belief that children with autism prefer to be alone.
In a pair of studies, high-functioning autistic children aged 8–15 performed equally well as, and adults better than, individually matched controls at basic language tasks involving vocabulary and spelling.